Banana can be planted in Pit method and furrow method.
Rich, well drained, fertile, free working, soils with plenty of organic matter are best suited for cultivation
Banana is commonly propagated by suckers with narrow leaves
Planting can be done any time except in summer
Tall varieties should be planted at 3x3 m whereas dwarf ones at 2x2 m apart.
New leaves start growing inside, below the ground.
They push up through the middle and emerge from the centre of the crown
Water it regularly and deeply but care not to overwater.
In summer, water it every day.
Sometimes, it may need water even two times a day in hot weather or when it is root bound.
Soil for growing banana plants should be kept uniformly moist.
Reduce watering in winter.
Banana is a heavy feeder and responds well to organic manuring.
Banana trees will thrive throughout the growing season if it is fertilized regularly with nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K).
Incorporate lots and lots of cow dung manure and plenty of chicken manure every 6 months after planting your bananas.
Loosely dig the topsoil the soil around the banana tree and apply 5 kgs of cattle compost in an even circle around the base of the stem around the tree and cover them with soil.
Wood ash can also be applied along withe the compost to provide potassium for the bananas
Then mulch them very thickly. And keep mulching and feeding them
Liquid Fertilizer like Fish Amino or Panchakavya can also be use as a balanced fertilizer on a regular basis as it contains all of the micro and secondary nutrients the plant needs.
These fertilizers play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plants
Mix the fertilizer with the water and apply as you irrigate each time
Banana stalks take 90 to 120 days from flower production to mature fruit
Signs of maturity of banana fruits are, fruit becomes plump and change in color of fruits from deep green to light green.
Also after the banana ripens, fruit generally will look smoother or plumper and changes from square or sharp angular shape in cross section to a more rounded shape.
Yield of the banana depends on the temperature, variety, moisture and culture practices
Home growers normally harvest the banana before 10 days of ripening when it is in light green color to avoid damaging of the banana while harvesting.
Harvesting bananas involves chopping down the whole tree.
Once harvesting is done, store them in a cool, shady area and do not the refrigerate the Bananas.
You can ripen them quickly in your home by storing them in a paper bag
After harvesting, cut back the tree about a foot and let it dry out in order to allow new plant to grow again