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How to Grow Onion at Home - Home Gardening 

Onions - How to plant

How to plant Onions:

  • Add soil or growth mix into the grow bag / container 

  • Ensure the soil you are adding is enriched with a lot of manure or compost.

  • Add any additional organic fertilizers if required

  • Soak the onion seeds in water for one day.

  • Drain and keep them in the open for the next 2-3 days.

  • Later, sow the seeds in the soil in a tray

  • These have to be 15 cm apart.

  • So the bulbs have enough space to grow and not hinder each other’s growth

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Onions - Irrigation

Irrigate Onions:

  • Watering the onion cutting helps it adapt to its new environment and grow roots faster.

  • Give your onion enough water that the soil is damp to the touch, but not soaking wet.

  • Fertilizing your onion plant regularly helps it grow large, healthy bulbs.

  • Spray the onion plant at least twice a month with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer until the onion plant's bulb starts to poke from the soil

  • Onions thrive in soil with a high nitrogen content.

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Onions - Pestcontrol

Pest control for Onions:

  • Onions are very prone to foliar diseases and its bulf rots. It is because of a bacterial infection and it reduces the bulb quality.

  • Other fungal diseases are neck rot, mildew and leaf rot
  • Avoid planting infected sets; 
  • Plant onions in well-draining areas and do not overcrowd plants;
  • Destroy all infected crop debris;
  • Apply organic pesticide such as  Neem oil, soap liquid and baking soda in 1 liter of water  and apply thoroughly to waxy leaves

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Harvesting Onions:

  • Harvest your onions when the sprouts are 3 inches (7.6 cm) high.

  • You can wait longer to allow the bulb to grow bigger, but once it reaches 3 inches, you can dig out the onion, clean it, and use it.

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