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Growing Okra at Home - Home Gardening 

Brinjal saplings

How to plant Okra at home

  • Brinjal grows best in a well-drained sandy loam or loam soil that is good in organic matter

  • Select a well drained pot with drainage holes so that they would help to drain out excess water present in the soil so as to reduce the risk of root rot.

  • Fill the pot with two parts potting soil and one part sand. Mix organic fertilizer to the soil balanced ratio of 20-20-20 of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium

  • Sow the brinjal seeds over the potting mix and cover them with thin layer of soil

  • Water regularly and the seeds generally germinate within 2-3 weeks

  • After 30 days, sapling would have grown by 3 to 4 inches and will be ready for transplanting.

  • During Transplanting you may need to carefully slide a gardening trowel into the side of the pot and remove the saplings and plant them in individual pots

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after Transplanting brinjal

How to Care Okra plants

  • Weeds should be eliminated when the okra plants are young.

  • Then mulch the okra plants to reduce the weed growth and the retain more moisture in the soil.

  • Water the Okra plants every morning thoroughly during summer. During winter plants can be watered every alternative days.

  • Okra are prone to be damaged by Aphids, stinkbugs, beetles and worms if the plants are not monitored and not maintained properly. 

  • Organic neem based pesticides can be applied every 15 days to keeps the pest away.

  • Home made pesticide liquid (5 ml) made of ginger, garlic and chilly can be applied in 1 ltr of water is also effective.

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Brinjal flowering

How to Fertilize Okra plants

  • Okra grows well if the soil is well fertilized.

  • After 30 days of planting okra, enrich your soil using organic fertilizer like cattle compost, or balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer with primary nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium

  • Before applying the compost, remove some of the soil around the plants and apply the compost and cover them with the soil and irrigate them

  • Liquid fertilizer like Panchagavya and Fish emulsion can be applied to increase the immunity and promote plant growth. Mix the 30 ml of the liquid fertilizer with water in a sprayer and spray the diluted mix over the okra plants.

  • Epsom salts can also be provided to aid flowering as they are rich in magnesium

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Brinjals for Harvesting

How and when to harvest Okra

  • About 50 days after planting, Okra plants will start flowering and pods will start to appear at the base of the plant and then keep producing upward

  • First harvest can be done after 60 days of planting.

  • Harvest the okra when it’s about 4 to 5 inches long. 

  • Use sharp knife or scissors to harvest okra when they are  are still tender and easy to cut.

  • Okra can be picked every second day, so that they don't get too hard. 

  • Be sure to remove and compost any mature pods you might have missed earlier.

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