How to Grow Zucchini at Home - Home Gardening 

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How to plant Zucchini

  • Zucchini plants can be grown from young plants or seeds. When starting with seeds, they should be sown directly in the garden or in the grow bags.

  • They can also be planted together in a single container and can be transplanted to individual grow bags

  • Optimal soil temperature for germination of the seeds is 25-35°C 

  • When the soil has warmed up in your grow bag, plant seeds one-half inch deep, 3 to 4 inches apart, in rows that are 2 to 3 feet apart.

  • Seeds should sprout in 7-14 days after planting them.

  • Thin plants so that they are spaced 6 to 8 inches apart once they are 4 to 5 inches tall.

  • After seedlings are grown a few inches height, Thin to one plant per spot once the seeds have sprouted and have grown their first set of true leaves.

  • Once seedlings are established, create a mulch around the plants to keep the ground temperature stable and also helps the soil retain water
     

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Irrigating and Fertilizing Zucchini:

  • Zucchini needs plenty of moisture and lots of organic fertilizer for proper growth.

  • Grow them in rich, well-drained soil in full sun.

  • Zucchini plants need regular feeding in addition to being planted in the rich, nutritious soil mentioned earlier

  • Remove the top soil around the Zucchini plants and apply finished compost or well-rotted manure or 1 cup of complete organic fertilizer beneath each plants and cover them with the same layer of soil.

  • Liquid fertilizer like Fish Emulsion can also be applied to the plants to increase the immunity and promote plant growth.

  • Water the soil around them regularly in the mornings and always avoid overhead watering to prevent attract diseases like mildew.

  • Install a drip irrigation at the time of planting to keep th soil most all the time.

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How to care for Zucchini plants

  • Zucchini plants are vulnerable to a number of pests like squash bugs, fruit borers, cucumber beetles and powdery mildew 

  • Biggest problems for Zucchini is because of fruit borer. Fruit borer larvae feed inside the main stem of the plant, hollowing it out and cause plant death.

  • To prevent fruit borers affecting zucchini, lower portion of the stem should be wrapped with aluminum foil to keep the female moths away from egg-laying sites.

  • Zucchini plants are prone to be attacked by fungal diseases like Powdery mildew. 

  • Symptoms are the leaves appear to be covered in a  powder-like coating and this lead to reduced photosynthesis and reduced production.

  • To overcome powdery mildew, neem based liquid pesticide can be sprayed along with soap liquid on regular intervals. 

  • Zucchini are heavy feeders. Feed the zucchini plants  with 250 grams of organic matter after 30 days of planting.

  • While fertilizing the zucchini, remove the top soil and side-dress zucchini with cattle compost and cover this soil.

  • Foliar spray of liquid fish or bio fertilizer with high in phosphorus can be applied for fruit production.  

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Harvesting Zucchini:

  • Zucchini can be harvested at the moment they reach a usable size about 6 to 8 inches in length

  • Generally zucchini is harvested when its tender and they have good flavor when they are young. Also smaller fruits have superior taste

  • Zucchini can grow 1 to 2 inches a day

  • Zucchini that grows very large will be pulpy, seedy, and bitter flavored. 

  • Carefully cut fruits off the plant with a knife or pruners when zucchini are between 3 and 8 inches long. Leave about two inches of the stem to remain on the fruit.

  • To help them store longer, harvest with at least an inch of stem still attached.

  • If grown correctly and healthily, you should be able to harvest zucchini multiple times in one growing season.

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