Guava - Organic Farming in Tamil Nadu

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How to plant guava trees

  • Guava can be propagated by seed, branch cutting, grafting and air layering.

  • For commercial cultivation, it is best grafted onto a established root-stock.

  • The guava seedlings grow very fast if proper care is taken

  • Successful Guava cultivation is grown under tropical and sub-tropical climate.

  • In areas with distinct winter season, the yield tends to increase and quality improves.

  • High temperature at the time of fruit development can cause fruit drop.

  • Guavas can be planted at any time of the year, but the warmer months are better. 

  • Plant them 2 to 3 metres from other trees and 5 metres from other guava trees.

  • Dig a hole about twice the size of the bag in which the young tree is growing.

  • Remove the soil from the hole and add some compost and manure.

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6 months old Guava Farming in Tamil Nadu

How to Irrigate Guava plants

  • Guava is mostly grown under rain fed condition. 

  • During winter season, irrigation is provided at an interval of 20-25 days

  • During summer months it is provided at an interval of 10-15 days by the ring method.

  • Drip irrigation has proved to be very beneficial for guava.

  • About 60% of the water used for irrigation is saved.  

  • Besides substantial increase in size and number of fruits is observed.

  • Guavas prefer regular deep root watering, allow the soil to dry out somewhat between waterings.

  • Provide regular water during the growing season, and reduce watering during the winter.

  • Apply water at the base of the tree, avoiding its foliage getting wet to prevent fungal disease.

  • The older branches of the guava tree produce larger size guava fruit.

  • So to promote branch growth, the tree must receive regular water

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How to Fertilize Guava plants

  • Guava tree is heavy feeder, so it should be fertilized every 1-2 months when it is young; thereafter 3-4 times a year

  • Time of fertilizer application depends on the region and crop variety.

  • In first week of July for winter season crop.

  • The plants are manured twice a year, first during June-July and second by during October.

  • In case of young plants, the fertilizers may be applied in circular trench along the periphery of the root zone.
  • In case of older plants the fertilizers may be broadcasted over a radius of 120cm from the base and forked in lightly without damaging the roots.

  • A fertilizer high in potassium is the best fertilizer for guava trees to increase fruit production.

  • I feed my guava plant with a liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season.

  • Always water your guava plant after fertilizing to minimize the risk of burns 

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Guava Tree Flowers and Pollination

  • The guava tree blooms in early spring, but may bloom all year in mild climates.

  • Guava tree has perfect flowers with male and female parts in each flower.

  • Honeybees pollinate the guava flowers.

  • If there are no bees in your area, then you may hand pollinate the flowers.

  • Use a very small paint brush and tickle the inside of flowers.

  • Spray your guava tree a 5 % solution of urea mixed with a wetting agent just before flowering.

  • When the urea spray dries, then water the plant.

  • This will increase the duration of fruit production.

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