Super Napier - Organic Farming in Tamil Nadu

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About Super Napier:

  • Super Napier is a high yielding green fodder.

  • Super Napier can yield 180 to 200 tonnes per acre per year

  • Its leaf length are 6 - 8 cm broad.

  • They grow up to a high height 12 feet to 15 feet

  • Super Napier has high crisp leaves.

  • They have high leaf stem rate

  • Super Napier can be harvested eight times a year

  • The yield is made in a short period of time.

  • Roots around the nodes can quickly grow.

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Planting Super Napier at Rehoboth Organic Farms in Tamil Nadu, Ariyalur, India

How to plant Super Napier:​

  • The soil should be well pulverized with the use of a rotavator

  • The furrows are made 3 feets apart.

  • The cuttings are planted flat in the furrows, 2 feets apart, and covered with soil one to two inches thick.

  • 10,000 to 12,000 stems can be planted per acre

  • After planting, irrigate to enhance germination.

  • Always irrigate when necessary

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Irrigate Super Napier at Rehoboth Organic Farms in Tamil Nadu, Ariyalur, India

How to irrigate Super Napier plants:

  • Watering should be done on the third day.

  • Irrigation should be done every 7 days depending on type of the soil

  • Wastewater from the cattle shed can also be used for irrigation and is best source of manure.

  • Super Napier grows well in all types of water.  

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Organic Fertilizer for Super Napier at Rehoboth Organic Farms in Tamil Nadu, Ariyalur, India

How to fertilizer Super Napier:

  • 2 tons of organic fertilizer is recommended per acre or apply four bags of 14-14-14 fertilizer.

  • 20 days after planting, apply cattle compost manure close to the stems

  • Plow the land deep enough for the plant roots to penetration deep into the ground that make the plant drought resistant.

  • After fertilizing the farm, the plants has to be irrigate well

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30 days old Super Napier at Rehoboth Organic Farms in Tamil Nadu, Ariyalur, India

Super Napier after 30 days of planting:

  • Weeding has to be done in the Super Napier Farm as weeds rob your plants of the benefits of the fertilizer you apply.

  • Hence after 30 days, weeding has to be done for the plants.

  • If necessary, second spell of weeding can be done after 45 days

  • After that, Super Napier grass will grow very fast and densely.

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Super Napier grass at Rehoboth Organic Farms in Tamil Nadu, Ariyalur, India

Super Napier  - 45 days after planting

  • Super Napier grass will become robust, tufted and has a vigorous root system, developing from nodes of its creeping stolons.

  • Super Napier by this time would have grown up to 4 m to 7 m in height.

  • They will form dense thick clumps, up to 1 m across.

  • The leaves will be flat, linear, and hairy at the base, 100 cm to 120 cm long, 1 cm to 5 cm wide and bluish-green in color.

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Super Napier  - 75 days after planting

  • ​75 days old Super Napier plants can be fed to chickens, ducks, horses and rabbits

  • The Super Grass is very palatable because the stalks are tender

  • It has a wide range of adaptability so that many farmers can benefit from it.

  • Harvesting is done at intervals of 60 to 70 days.

  • The first harvest, however, is made three months from planting.

  • Then succeeding harvests are every 60 to 70 days.

  • The stalks are cut close to the ground, and in no time, new shoots or ratoon will come out.

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Super Napier  - 90 days after planting

  • ​Normally first harvest can be done after 90 days of planting and can be fed to cows and buffaloes

  • It has other uses aside from fresh feed for farm animals.

  • If there is excess harvest because there are not enough animals to eat the newly cut grass, the same could be shredded and made into silage.

  • The shredded leaves and stalks could also be made into organic fertilizer by mixing the same with cattle manure.

  • When shredded into fine particles, the same could be fed to vegetable-eating fish like tilapia and Pangasius.

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