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How to grow and harvest Tapioca at home?

Tapioca is a root crop and is also known as Cassava and. It is originated from South America and is popular in countries such as India, Brazil, Honduras, Peru and Mexico. Tapioca is largely cultivated in Indian states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andra Pradesh and some North East states.

Lets see how to grow and harvest Tapioca at home and farms.

a) Planting Method:

  1. First prepare the soil using a cultivator and same them soft.

  2. Add some Cow Dung fertilizer at the time of cultivating the soil

  3. Tapioca is easy to grow, and can be started from cuttings or seedlings

  4. Take a mature stem from a tapioca plant and cut to a length of 8 to 14 inches

  5. While cutting the stems, remove bottom leaves from the cutting

  6. Tapioca stem cuttings can be planted directly in the ground or in large pots

  7. Here Tapioca cuttings are planted in rows that are spaced about 3 feet apart

  8. Tapioca plants can also be grown from seeds but growing from stem cuttings will be the most effective method

  9. Plant the Tuber at the center of the bund about 8 inches deep

  10. Roots will develop in 2 weeks after the stems are planted in the soil.

  11. Irrigate the tubers immediately after planting and keep the soil moist

b) After 30 days:

  1. After 30 days, plants will grow by one feet

  2. Now remove the weeds around the soil

  3. Add some Cow Dung Manure for the Tapioca to boost the growth

  4. Cover the manure with the surrounding soil and make it like a bund around the Tapioca plant

  5. Water plants after applying slow–release fertilizer are applied

  6. You can also feed the Tapioca with a liquid fertilizer like Seaweed Fertilizer, Fish Emulsion, Humic Acid, Panchagavya, Jeevamrutham once in month at the rate of 2 liters per acre throughout the growing season.

  7. Ensure plants irrigated regularly, especially during dry periods

c) After 90 months:

  1. After 3 months, Tapioca would have grown by 3 to 4 feet

  2. Apply more soil near the roots and increase the size of the bund so that Tubers will start developing

  3. At this stage apply like fertilizer like Bio NPK fertilizer so that the leaves can absorb the nutrients and promote the growth of the plant

  4. Fertilizers should be applied in circular trench along the periphery of the root zone over a radius of 120cm from the base and forked in lightly without damaging the roots.

  5. A fertilizer high in potassium is the best fertilizer to increase Tuber production.

  6. Always water your guava plant after fertilizing to minimize the risk of burns

d) Harvesting Tapioca:

  1. Crop can be harvested at 8 to 12 months depending on the variety of the Tapioca.

  2. During tuber maturity, the leaves become yellow and 50 % of leaves become dried and sheds off.

  3. The soil near the stem base of the stem shows cracking.

  4. We can harvest the Tapioca.

  5. Tubers can be uprooted by using fork or crow bar or hand labor.

  6. You can see many Tapioca from one plant

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